One down, three more to go.
We have Country Georgia, Albania, and Wales coming soon.Had to repost because of a deviant spamming me.Country InformationOfficial Country Name: Republic of Mauritius/République de Maurice
Former Name(s): Dutch Mauritius (1638–1710), Isle de France (Mauritius) (1715–1810), British Mauritius (1810–1968), Mauritius (Commonwealth Realm) (1968–1992)
Capital: Port Louis
Largest City: Port Louis
Languages: Mauritian Creole, French, and English
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Current Leader: President Kailash PurryagHuman InformationHuman Name: Eloise Rousseau
Nickname[s]: Maurice (By French-speaking countries)
Age Appearance: Around the ages of 18 to 20 years of age.
Birthday: March 12thAbout ThemPersonality: Mauritius is a rather headstrong girl with a bit of a spicy attitude. Besides that, she is a rather accepting towards other people. Due to this, she doesn't have a ton of those she dislikes as she prefers to stay out of the issues of others.
Likes: Cooking the Mauritian cuisine, Football, Horse Racing, and fishing
Dislikes: Seychelles claiming Tromelin Island as hers when obviously Tromelin loves Mauritius as its sister
Fears: Being left behind and forgotten again.
* In some cases she can be considered Bisexual (Her Nyotalia self is only Straight however).
* There are times that she misses the Dodo bird she called her childhood friend.Physical AttributesHeight: 5'5''
Weight: 179 lbs
Hair: Long shoulder length dark brown hair
Eyes: Dark Brown
Outfit (Casual): An elbow length sleeve dark blue shirt, brown shorts, and brown flipflops.
Jewelry: Wears a silver necklace and silver bracelet.
Anything on your body that represents something in your country?:
* A bit more chunkier due to the past sugar cane industry Mauritius was famous for in the past and due to a blend of Creole, Chinese, European and Indian influences in the Mauritian cuisine.Family and Foreign RelationshipsFamily: Seychelles, Réunion, Rodrigues, and Tromelin Island
Friends: India (Closest friend), Malaysia (Like India, a rather close friend.), Pakistan, America, Madagascar, and France.
Dislikes: Seychelles (But that is normal for the sibling relationship, right?)
Pets: A Mauritius ornate day gecko named Andre. As a child she did have an unnamed Dodo bird but it died once the species died out.
Potential Love Interest: Malaysia (Both were former Dutch and British colonies, both have important communities for Islam, Hinduism and Christianity, and both share strong common ground when it comes down to culture.)
Foreign Relationships: Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, France, Russia, United Kingdom, Canada, America, Réunion, and MayotteBrief HistoryPast Caretakers: Portugal, Netherlands, France, and England
History: Mauritius was first discovered by the Portuguese between the dates of 1507 to 1513. After the expedition had run into a cyclone and was forced to change course. Thus, the ship of the captain, Diogo Fernandes Pereira, came into view of what would later become Réunion island before what would become Mauritius and Rodrigues was encountered during the same expedition.
The Portuguese took no interest in these isolated islands as they had already established themselves in Asia, in Goa, on the coast of Malabar, on the island of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and on the Malaysian coast.
As they were more focused on reaching what would become India, no permanent colony was established on the island by the Portuguese.
So Mauritius was left alone on her island.
In the late 1500s, a Dutch expedition consisting of eight ships set sail from Netherlands towards the Indian subcontinent with Netherlands himself on board. The eight ships eventually ran into foul weather and were separated. Three of the ships found their way to the northeast of Madagascar, while the remaining eventually regrouped and sailed southeasterly. On September 17th, the five ships came into view of Mauritius. On September 20th, they entered a sheltered bay which they named "Port de Warwick" (now known as "Grand Port"). They landed and named the island, "Prins Maurits van Nassaueiland," after Prince Maurits of the House of Nassau, controller of most of the Dutch Republic.
It was then that Netherlands discovered the young Mauritius herself, whom he named his colony.
From then on, Mauritius' Port de Warwick was used by the Dutch as a stop after long months at sea. In 1606, two expeditions journeyed for the first time to what would later become Port-Louis. The expedition came into the bay, which they named “Rade des Tortues” (Meaning “Harbor of the Tortoises”) because of the great number of terrestrial tortoises they found there.
Eventually, after Dutch sailors began to think the route to the island was cursed, Mauritius would find both England and Denmark occasionally on her island stealing the heartwood of the ebony trees.
Attempt at Dutch colonization on Mauritius started in 1638 and ended in 1710, with a brief interruption between 1658 and 1666. Numerous governors were appointed, but continuous hardships finally took their toll, and she was definitively abandoned by the Dutch in 1710.
The island was not permanently inhabited for the first forty years after its "discovery" by the Dutch, but in 1638 Cornelius Gooyer established the first permanent Dutch settlement in Mauritius. He thus became the first governor of the island. In 1639, more men came to reinforce the new Dutch colony. Gooyer was instructed to develop the potential of the island, but he did not do as he was told to and he was recalled.
His successor was Adriaan van der Stel, who began the development Mauritius in earnest, developing the export of ebony wood. For that purpose, he brought 105 Malagasy slaves to the Mauritius, thus introducing the still small country to the horrors of slave life, though Netherlands wouldn't allow her to be a slave. Within the first week, about sixty of the slaves escaped into the nearby forest with only around twenty of them recaptured.
In 1644, the residents of Mauritius were faced with many months of hardships, due to delayed shipment of supplies, bad harvests, and cyclones. During those months, the colonists could only rely on their own ability to feed themselves by fishing and hunting.
Nonetheless, van der Stel secured the shipment of more slaves from Madagascar, before being transferred to Ceylon (Sri Lanka). His replacement was Jacob van der Meersh.
In 1645, the latter brought in over hundred more Malagasy slaves. Van der Meersh then left Mauritius in September of 1648 and was replaced by Reinier Por.
In 1652, even more hardships fell on the inhabitants, colonists and slaves alike. The continuing hardships affected the commercial potential of the island and a pullout was ordered in 1657. On the 16th of July in 1658, almost all the inhabitants had left the island, except for a ship’s boy and two slaves who had taken shelter in the forests.
Thus the first attempt at colonizing Mauritius by the Dutch had ended very badly.
In 1664, a second attempt was made, but this one also ended badly as the men chosen for the job abandoned their sick commander and without proper treatment he eventually died.
From 1666 to 1669, Dirk Jansz Smient administered the new colony at Port de Warwick, with the cutting down and export of the ebony trees. When Smient left, he was replaced by George Frederik Wreeden, who later drowned with five other colonists during a reconnaissance expedition in 1672. Wreeden's replacement was Hubert Hugo. Hugo was a man of vision and wanted to make Mauritius into an agricultural colony. However, his vision was not shared by his superiors, and he eventually had to abandon the attempt.
Issac Johannes Lamotius became the new governor when Hugo left in 1677. Lamotius governed until 1692 after a courtship gone wrong. A new governor, Roelof Diodati, was then appointed in 1692. Diodati faced many problems in his attempts to develop Mauritius. Discouraged, Diodati eventually gave up and his replacement would be Abraham Momber van de Velde. The latter fared no better, but remained the last Dutch governor of the island until it was abandoned in 1710.
Then Mauritius was abandoned yet again, but even then she couldn't hate Netherlands for abandoning her. Even though she wished he hadn't.
Even though he had caused the extinction of her beloved childhood pet (Dodo) and its species.
After five years of living alone, Mauritius found herself under a new country.
Guillaume Dufresne d'Arsel and France himself landed on the island and took possession of the port while on route to India. Renaming it "Isle de France".
But it wasn't until 1721 that the French started their occupation of Mauritius. However, it was only from 1735, with the arrival of the French governor, Mahé de La Bourdonnais, that "Isle de France" started developing effectively.
Mahé de La Bourdonnais established Port Louis as a naval base and a shipbuilding center. Under his governorship, numerous buildings were built, a number of which still stand today. The island was under the administration of the French East India Company which maintained its presence until 1767.
During the Napoleonic wars, she had become a base from which the French organized successful raids on British commercial ships. The raids continued until 1810 when a strong British expedition was sent to capture Mauritius.
A starting attack was foiled at Grand Port in August of 1810, but the main attack was launched in December of the same year from Rodrigues, which had been captured during the same year, which was successful.
The British landed in large numbers on the island and rapidly overpowered the French. By the Treaty of Paris in 1814, the "Isle de France" which was renamed Mauritius was ceded to Great Britain, together with Rodrigues and Seychelles.
In the act of capitulation, the British guaranteed that they would respect the languages, the customs, the laws and the traditions of the inhabitants and the countries themselves.
Despite the only French naval victory of Battle of Grand Port on August 1810, Mauritius was captured in December of 1810 by the British. Their possession of the island was confirmed four years later by the Treaty of Paris. French institutions, including the Napoleonic code of law, were still maintained. The French language was at that moment still used more widely than English.
The British administration, was followed by rapid social and economic changes. One of the most important events was the abolition of slavery in February of 1835.
Mauritius grew as a country with new source of industry and the survival rate of her people.
Conflicts quickly arose in the 1920s between the Indian community and the Franco-Mauritians. Following this, the Mauritius Labor Party was founded in 1936 by Maurice Cure to safeguard the interest of the laborers. Cure was succeeded a year later by Emmanuel Anquetil who tried to gain the support of the port workers. After his death, Guy Rozemont took over the leadership of the party.
Elections in 1947 for the newly created Legislative Assembly marked Mauritius' first steps toward her own self-rule, and were eventually won by the Labor Party, headed by Guy Rozemont. It was the first time that the elite Francophones were ousted from power.
An independence campaign gained momentum after 1961, when England agreed to permit additional self-government and eventual independence to Mauritius. A coalition composed of the Mauritian Labor Party, the Muslim Committee of Action, and the Independent Forward Bloc won a majority in the 1967 Legislative Assembly election, despite opposition from Franco-Mauritian and Creole supporters of the Mauritian Social Democratic Party.
The contest was interpreted locally as a referendum on independence. The election was won by a small margin.
Mauritius became an independent state on March 12th, 1968, with Elizabeth II as Queen of Mauritius.
In December of 1991, the Constitution was amended to make Mauritius a republic within the Commonwealth.
She became a republic on March 12th, 1992.
To the date, Mauritius has lived an eventful life in her long existence and she strives to become better as time goes on.Base by ~HetaliaSlovenia
Hetalia © Hidekaz Himaruya
Mauritius © ~MapleBeer-Shipper