And finally she is complete.
Everyone please meet Bahamas, one of the many Hetalia OCs I have been working on.
When working on her history, I already knew most of it beforehand.
Thank you, Assassin's Creed Black Flag.Country Information
Official Country Name: Commonwealth of the Bahamas
Former Name(s): Guanahani (By the Lucayan People) and San Salvador (By Spain mainly because he thought she was a boy)
Largest City: Nassau
Government: Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
Current Leader: Queen Elizabeth II of the United KingdomHuman Information
Human Name: Martina Albury
Nickname[s]: Whatever you do, never refer to her as 'Tina' as she LOATHES that nickname.
Age Appearance: Twenty-one years of age.
Birthday: July 10th, 1973About Them
Personality: Bahamas is young but mature country who retains a sassy manner of speaking. In her younger days she was a bit rebellious and wild due to the influence of pirates but quickly calmed down once she was reclaimed by the English. In the past she also had attachment issues toward anyone since she was abandoned for several decades after Spain left, having enslaved many of her indigenous people. But these attachment issues faded by the time she was physically a teenager.
Likes: Music (She's been heavily influenced musically by other countries close to her), Sailing, American Football, swimming, storytelling, and quilting.
Dislikes: Being known only for the drug smuggling which she has nothing to do with, being compared to Jamaica due to the amount of illegal drugs passing through, people claiming she needs to lean on one of her neighbors to get income.
Fears: She often has the fear in the back of her mind that someone would arrive on her shores and take her people away again.
- She speaks of the Pirates of the past in high regard.
- She is often grouped up with Cuba and Jamaica.Physical Attributes
Weight: 137 lbs.
Hair: Short, wavy neat black hair with a long piece hanging connected on the right side of her head.
Eyes: Dark brown
Outfit (Casual): A flowing dress with splashes of blue, green, and purple for color and black slip-ons. She wears a yellow swimsuit underneath her dress for just in case situations.
Outfit (Navy)(Bahamas has no army or air force): Woodland camouflage uniform with the mark of the Naval Ensign on the left shoulder.
Outfit (Other[s]): As stated in her casual, Bahamas wears a one-piece yellow swimsuit underneath her dress.
Anything on your body that represents something in your country?:
- Her skin color to represent the amount of people of color who make up the majority of the Bahamas.Family and Foreign Relationships
Friends: Canada, Cuba, Jamaica, and Haiti
Potential Love Interest: TBA
Foreign Relationships: Russia, America, Cuba, United Kingdom, along with those in the Caribbean Community organization.
History: Like several of the neighboring countries closeby, Bahamas was first settled by a branch of the Taíno people known only as the Lucayan people.
[Settlement of the Lucayan people]
Sometime between 500 to 800, Taínos began crossing in dugout canoes from Hispaniola (Present day Haiti and Dominican Republic) and Cuba to the Bahamas.
From the first initial colonizations, the Lucayans expanded throughout the Bahamas in some 800 years (c. 700 – c. 1500), growing quickly into a population of around 40,000. Population density at the time of first European contact was highest in the south-central area of the Bahamas.
Known Lucayan settlement sites are confined to the nineteen largest islands in the archipelago, or to smaller cays located less than one km. from those islands. Population density in the southern-most Bahamas remained lower, probably due to the drier climate there.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain on his first voyage with his three ships seeking a direct route to Asia. On October 12th, Columbus reached an island in the Bahamas, an event long regarded by Europeans as the 'discovery' of America. This island was called Guanahani by the Lucayans, and San Salvador by Spain.
With her name has officially changed to San Salvador, Columbus visited several other islands in the Bahamas before sailing to present-day Cuba and afterward to Hispaniola.
The Bahamas held little interest to the Spanish except as a source of slave labor. Nearly the entire population of Lucayan were transported to other islands as laborers over the next 30 years. When the Spanish decided to remove the remaining Lucayans to Hispaniola in 1520, they could find only eleven. She remained abandoned, depopulated, and alone for the next 130 years afterwards. With no gold to be found, and the population removed, Spain effectively abandoned the Bahamas. They retained titular claims to them until the Treaty of Paris in 1783, when they ceded them to Britain in exchange for East Florida.
When the Europeans first landed on the islands, they had reported that Bahamas' islands were lushly forested. Cleared to develop the land for sugar cane plantations, the forests have not regrown and have not been replanted.
[Settlement for the English]
In 1648, a group from Bermuda called 'The Company of Adventurers for the Plantation of the Islands of Eleutheria,' which was led by William Sayle, sailed to the Bahamas to found a colony. Bermuda had been becoming overcrowded, and the Bahamas offered both religious and political freedom and economic opportunity. The larger of the company's two ships, the William, wrecked on the reef at the north end of what is now called Eleuthera Island, with the loss of all provisions. Despite the arrival of additional settlers, including whites, slaves and free blacks from Bermuda and the receipt of relief supplies from Virginia and New England (Massachusetts), the Eleuthera colony struggled for many years. It was hampered because of poor soil, fighting amongst the settlers, and conflict with the Spanish.
In the mid-1650s many of the settlers returned to Bermuda. The remaining settlers founded communities on Harbour Island and Saint George's Cay (Spanish Wells) at the north end of Eleuthera.
By 1670, about 20 families lived in the Eleuthera communities.
In 1666, many other colonists from Bermuda settled on New Providence, which soon became the center of population and commerce in the Bahamas, with almost 500 people living on the island by 1670. Unlike the Eleutherians, who were primarily farmers, the first settlers on New Providence made their living from the sea, salvaging wrecks, making salt, and taking fish, turtles, conchs and ambergris. Farmers from Bermuda soon followed the seamen to New Providence, where they found good, plentiful land. Neither the Eleutherian colony nor the settlement on New Providence had any legal standing under English law.
The early settlers continued to live much as they had in Bermuda, fishing, hunting turtles, whales, and seals, finding ambergris, making salt on the drier islands, cutting the abundant hardwoods of the islands for lumber, dyewood and medicinal bark; and wrecking, or salvaging wrecks. The Bahamas were close to the sailing routes between Europe and the Caribbean, so shipwrecks in the islands were common, and wrecking was the most lucrative occupation available to the Bahamian residents.
[The Age of Pirates and her life as the Pirate base of operation]
The Bahamians soon came into conflict with the Spanish over the salvaging of wrecks. The Bahamian wreckers drove the Spanish away from their wrecked ships, and attacked Spanish salvagers, seizing goods the Spanish had already recovered from the wrecks. When the Spanish raided the Bahamas, the Bahamians in turn commissioned privateers against Spain, even though England and Spain were currently at peace. In 1684 the Spanish burned the settlements of New Providence and Eleuthera, after which they were largely abandoned. New Providence was later resettled a second time in 1686 by colonists from Jamaica.
In the 1690s English privateers, who were at war with France made a base in the Bahamas.
Then 1696 Henry Every, using the assumed name Henry Bridgeman, brought his ship Fancy, loaded with pirates' loot, into Nassau harbor. Every bribed the governor, Nicholas Trott, with gold and silver, and by leaving him the Fancy, still loaded with 50 tons of elephant tusks an average haul for a slaver and 100 barrels of gunpowder exceedingly rare.
Following the peace with France in 1697, many of the privateers became pirates. From this time the pirates increasingly made Nassau, the Bahamian capital founded in 1694, their base. The governors appointed by the Proprietors usually made a show of suppressing the pirates, but most were accused of dealing with them. By 1701, England was again at war with France and Spain. In 1703 and in 1706 combined French-Spanish fleets attacked and sacked Nassau, after which some settlers left, and the Proprietors gave up on trying to govern the islands.
With no functioning government in the Bahamas, English privateers operated from Nassau as their base, in what has been called a "privateers' republic," which then lasted for eleven years. The raiders attacked French and Spanish ships, while French and Spanish forces burned Nassau to the ground several times. The War of the Spanish Succession ended in 1714, but some privateers were slow to get the news, or reluctant to accept it, and slipped into piracy. One estimate puts at least 1,000 pirates in the Bahamas in 1713, outnumbering the 200 families of more permanent settlers.
The "privateers' republic" in Nassau soon became a "pirates' republic". At least 20 pirate captains used Nassau or other places in the Bahamas as a home port during this period, including Henry Jennings, Edward Teach (typically known as Blackbeard), Benjamin Hornigold and Stede Bonnet. Many settler families moved from New Providence to Eleuthera or Abaco to escape the harassment from the pirates.
All while Bahamas was glad to serve as the pirates' base without a drop of hesitation.
On the other hand, residents of Harbor Island were happy to serve as middlemen for the pirates, as merchants from New England and Virginia came there to exchange needed supplies for pirate plunder. As mentioned before, the activities of pirates provoked frequent and brutal retaliatory attacks by the French and Spanish.
[Reclaimed for the Crown]
Starting in 1713, Woodes Rogers had conceived the idea of leading an expedition to Madagascar to suppress the pirates there and establish it as a British colony. Rogers' friends Richard Steele and Joseph Addison eventually convinced him to tackle the pirates nest in the Bahamas, instead. Rogers and others formed a company to fund the venture. They persuaded the Proprietors of Carolina to surrender the government of the Bahamas to the king, while retaining title to the land. By 1717 King George appointed Rogers governor of the Bahamas and issued a proclamation granting a pardon to any pirate who surrendered to a British governor within one year.
Word of the appointment of a new governor and of the offer of pardons reached Nassau ahead of Rogers and his forces. Some of the pirates were willing to accept a pardon and retire from piracy. Henry Jennings and Christopher Winter, sailed off to find British authorities to confirm their acceptance of the amnesty.
Others were not ready to give up. Many of those were Jacobites, supporters of the House of Stuart, who identified themselves as enemies of the Hanoverian King George. Still others simply identified as rebels, or thought they were better off as pirates than trying to earn an honest living. When a Royal Navy ship brought official word to Nassau of the pardon offer, many pirates planned to accept. Soon, however, the recalcitrant parties gained the upper hand, eventually forcing the Navy ship to leave.
Blackbeard, Stede Bonnet, Nicholas Brown and Edmond Condent left the Bahamas for other territories. Charles Vane, with "Calico Jack" Rackham and Edward England in his crew, came to prominence at this time. Vane worked to organize resistance to the anticipated arrival of Royal authority, even appealing to the James Francis Edward Stuart, the Stuart pretender, for aid in holding the Bahamas and capturing Bermuda for the Stuarts. As aid from the Stuarts failed to materialize and the date for Rogers' arrival approached, Vane and his crew prepared to leave Nassau.
Woodes Rogers arrived in Nassau in late July of 1718, with his own 460-ton warship, three ships belonging to his company, and an escort of three ships of the Royal Navy. Vane's ship was trapped in Nassau harbor. Vane's crew set his ship on fire, sending it towards Rogers' ships, and escaped in the ensuing confusion in a smaller ship they had seized from another pirate. The remaining population welcomed Rogers; they comprised about 200 settlers and 500 to 700 pirates who wanted to receive pardons, most prominently Benjamin Hornigold. After the pirates' surrender, the Proprietors leased their land in the Bahamas to Rogers' company for 21 years.
Rogers controlled Nassau, but Charles Vane was loose and threatening to drive the governor and his forces out. Learning that the King of Spain wanted to expel English from the islands, Rogers worked to improve the defenses of Nassau. He lost nearly 100 men of the new forces due to an unidentified disease, and the Navy ships left for other assignments. Rogers sent four of his ships to Havana to assure the Spanish governor that he was suppressing piracy and to trade for supplies. The crews of ex-pirates and men who had come with Rogers all turned to piracy. The ex-pirate Benjamin Hornigold later caught ten men at Green Turtle Cay as part of Rogers' suppression effort.
Vane attacked several small settlements in the Bahamas but, after he refused to attack a stronger French frigate, he was deposed for cowardice and replaced as captain by "Calico Jack" Rackham. Vane never returned to the Bahamas; he was eventually caught, convicted and executed in Jamaica. After nearly being captured by Jamaican privateers, and hearing that the king had extended the deadline for pardons for piracy, Rackham and his crew returned to Nassau to surrender to Woodes Rogers.
In Nassau, Rackham became involved with Anne Bonny; he had tried to arrange an annulment of her marriage to another ex-pirate, James Bonny. Rogers blocked the annulment, and Rackham and Bonny left Nassau to be pirates again, taking a small crew and Bonny's friend Mary Read with them. Within months, Rackham, Bonny and Read were captured and taken to Jamaica. They were convicted of piracy, and Rackham was executed. Bonny and Read were sent to prison, as both were pregnant and therefore excluded from execution. Bonny died in prison, while Read's fate is unknown.
When Britain and Spain went to war yet again in 1719, many of the ex-pirates were commissioned by the British government as privateers. A Spanish invasion fleet set out for the Bahamas, but was diverted to Pensacola, Florida when it was seized by the French. Rogers continued to improve the defenses of Nassau, spending his personal fortune and going heavily into debt to do so. A second Spanish invasion fleet in 1720 was deterred by the defenses. Rogers returned to Britain in 1722 to plead for repayment of the money he had borrowed to build up Nassau, only to find he had been replaced as governor.
After the publication in 1724 of "A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pirates", which praised Rogers' efforts to suppress piracy in the Bahamas, did his fortunes began to improve.
The king awarded him a pension, retroactive to 1721. In 1728 Rogers was again appointed Governor of the Bahamas for a second term. He dissolved the colony's assembly when it would not approve taxes to repair Nassau's defenses. He died in Nassau in 1732.
[Mid-Century and the former American Loyalists]
William Shirley, the former governor of Massachusetts, was soon appointed governor of the Bahamas in 1758 and served until 1770.
During the American War of Independence, the Bahamas fell to Spanish forces in 1782. A British-American Loyalist expedition led by Colonel Andrew Deveaux, later recaptured the islands. Soon after the American Revolution, the British issued land grants to American Loyalists who went into exile. The sparse population of the Bahamas tripled within a few years. The Loyalists developed cotton as a commodity crop, but it dwindled from insect damage and soil exhaustion. In addition to slaves they brought with them, the planters' descendants would import more African slaves for labour.
Most of the current inhabitants of Bahamas' islands are descended from the slaves brought to work on the Loyalist plantations. In addition, thousands of captive Africans, who were liberated from foreign slave ships by the British navy after the abolition of the slave trade in 1807, were resettled as free persons in the Bahamas.
In the early 1820s, hundreds of American slaves and Black Seminoles escaped from Florida, most settling on Andros Island in the Bahamas. Three hundred escaped in a mass flight in 1823. While the flow was reduced by the federal construction of a lighthouse at Cape Florida in 1825, slaves continued to find freedom with the Bahamas.
In August of 1834, the traditional plantation life ended with the British emancipation of slaves throughout most of its colonies. Freedmen chose to work on their own small plots of land when possible.
The merchant ships, part of the coastwise slave trade, put into Nassau or were wrecked on its reefs. These included the Hermosa (1840) and the Creole (1841), the latter brought in after a slave revolt on board. Britain had notified nations that slaves brought into Bahama and Bermuda waters would be forfeited and freed the slaves, refusing US efforts to recover them. In 1853 Britain and the US signed a claims treaty and submitted to arbitration for claims dating to 1814; they paid each other in 1855.
During the American Civil War, she prospered as a base for Confederate blockade-running, bringing in cotton to be shipped to the mills of England and running out arms and munitions. None of these provided any lasting prosperity to her, nor did attempts to grow different kinds of crops for export.
With the emancipation, the Caribbean societies inherited a rigid racial stratification that was reinforced by the unequal distribution of wealth and power. The three-tier race structure, of whites, mixed-race, and primarily blacks, who comprised the large majority, existed well into the 1940s and in some societies beyond. It was based on the white elite's belief in European racial superiority and the history of slavery in the islands.
[World War 2]
The Duke of Windsor was installed as Governor of the Bahamas, arriving at that post in August of 1940 with his new Duchess. They were appalled at the condition of Government House, but they had tried to make the best of a bad situation. He did not enjoy the position, and referred to Bahamas as "a third-class British colony", so the feeling of dislike was mutual.
He opened the small local parliament on October 29th, 1940, and they visited the 'Out Islands' later that November, which cause some controversy because of on whose yacht they were cruising. The British Foreign Office strenuously objected when the Duke and Duchess planned to tour aboard a yacht belonging to a Swedish magnate, Axel Wenner-Gren, who the American intelligence incorrectly believed to be a close friend of Luftwaffe commander Hermann Göring.
The Duke was praised, however, for his efforts to combat poverty on the islands, although he was as contemptuous of the Bahamians as he was of most non-white peoples of the Empire. He was also praised for his resolution of civil unrest over low wages in Nassau in June 1942, when there was a full-scale riot.
The Duke resigned the post on March 16th of 1945.
During World War II, the Allies centred their flight training and antisubmarine operations for the Caribbean in the Bahamas.
The wartime airfield became Nassau's international airport in 1957 and helped spur the growth of mass tourism, which accelerated after Cuba was closed to America's tourists in 1961. Freeport, on the island of Grand Bahama, was established as a free trade zone in the 1950s and became the country's second city. Bank secrecy combined with the lack of corporate and income taxes led to a rapid growth in the offshore financial sector during the postwar years.
Modern political development began after the Second World War. The first political parties were formed in the 1950s and the British made the islands internally self-governing in 1964.
In 1967, Lynden Pindling, of the Progressive Liberal Party, became the first black Premier of the colony, and in 1968 the title was changed to Prime Minister.
Based on the twin pillars of tourism and offshore finance, the Bahamian economy has prospered greatly since the 1950s.
Bahamas achieved self-government in 1964 and full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations on July 10th, 1973.
Her first prime minister was Lynden O. Pindling, leader of the Progressive Liberal Party. Pindling presided for nearly 20 years, during which Bahamas benefited from tourism and foreign investment.
Diplomatic relations were established with Cuba in 1974. A decade later, as increased Cuban immigration to the islands strained the Bahamas’ resources, Cuba refused to sign a letter of repatriation.
In September of 2004, Hurricane Frances swept through the Bahamas, leaving widespread damage in its wake. Just three weeks later, Hurricane Jeanne uprooted trees, blew out windows, and sent seawater flooding through neighborhoods on the islands of Abaco and Grand Bahama.
Bahamas lives her life to the fullest, she's had her share of adventures and the future will probably bring more as well.Bases by HetaliaSlovenia & Heartfelt-Dreamer